vi. 戒,戒除; 避免,避开 keep oneself from doing or enjoying sth, especially from taking alcoholic drinks; refrain, especially with an effort
vi. (投票时)弃权 decline to use one's voteVerb
refrain from voting
choose not to consume;
"I abstain from alcohol"
abstained搭配v.(动词)abstain的基本意思是“戒除; 避开”,指自觉地控制自己不做那些由于愿望或冲动而想做的事,强调自我约束、自我否定和永久性，尤指戒酒。abstain的另一个意思是“弃权”,即表决时不投票或不举手。abstain是不及物动词,常与介词from连用构成及物动词短语,后面可接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。 用作动词(v.)
He swore to abstain from smoking.
A high percentage of women said they had abstained from alcohol during pregnancy.
I abstained from voting.
Six countries voted for the change, five voted against, and two abstained.
He abstained from speaking at the meeting.
abstain from alcohol
abstain from comment
abstain from flesh and fish
abstain from smoking
abstain from voting
abstained近义词abandon desert forbear prohibit refrain indulge